The Global Power City Index (GPCI) evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their “magnetism,” i.e. their comprehensive power which allows them to attract creative individuals and business enterprises from every continent and to mobilize their assets in securing economic, social, and environmental development.GPCI evaluates the comprehensive power of forty of the world’s leading cities according to six main functions (Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Livability, Environment and Accessibility) representing city strength.
For more results of the 40 cities, please visit our desktop website.
London has maintained the top position since 2012, falling within the top three for all functions other than Livability and Environment. As it geared up for the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games and other major cultural and sporting events, London greatly improved its overall magnetism.
Since surrendering the top spot to London in 2012, New York has remained at second place. In Research and Development, Cultural Interaction and Economy, the city ranks third or higher, but it is held back by poor scores in Livability, Environment and Accessibility.
Paris has stayed in third place since 2008. It is the weakest of the top four cities in Economy, but is ranked in the top five for Livability, Accessibility, Cultural Interaction and Research and Development.
Tokyo maintains the fourth-place ranking it has held since the first GPCI in 2008. The Japanese capital still has a comfortable lead as the top Asian city, but Tokyo lags behind the top three cities in terms of Cultural Interaction and Accessibility.
Tokyo (#1), London (#2), and New York (#3) top the list in this function based on their high scores for and The cities of North America and other English-speaking urban centers, such as London and Singapore, boast outstanding scores for Ease of Securing Human Resources.
New York (#1) powers ahead of Tokyo, London, and Los Angeles in this function. Los Angeles (#4) is home to some of the world’s leading educational institutions, including The California Institute of Technology, and therefore scores highly for World's Top 200 Universities , Number of Winners of Highly - Reputed Prizes (Science and Technology - related Fields) , Number of Researchers , and Research and Development Expenditure .
Cultural Interaction has the top five cities in order as London, New York, Paris, Singapore, and Tokyo. London (#1) has pulled away from the other four cities with high scores in all indicators.
London, New York, and Tokyo, cities that rank highly for Economy and Cultural Interaction , have relatively low scores in Livability. This is reflected in the high , such as Average House Rent and Price Level. Paris continues to be ranked #1 in this function this year, given that its is not as high as the other top cities.
All of the top five places in this function are occupied by European cities (Geneva, Frankfurt, Stockholm, Zurich, and Vienna). The high scores for CO2 Emissions , Percentage of Waste Recycled , and Percentage of Renewable Energy Used point to the innovative environmental policies these cities employ.
Since the release of the first GPCI in 2008, London and Paris have continued to battle for top spot in this function, with the latter prevailing this year. London’s relinquishing title can be attributed to its overall score decline, which includes an increase in the number of Transportation Fatalities per Population .
Additionally, the same cities were examined from the viewpoints of four global actors (Manager, Researcher, Artist and Visitor) and one local actor (Resident). They are personifications of representative citizens with diverse sets of needs and preferences.
Go to Publications for more about the GPCI.
Ranking of the 40 Cities
Top 10 Cities by Function
Result of Comprehensive Ranking
Fluctuation in Comprehensive Ranking
Top 4 Cities: Comparison in Function-Specific Ranking
Top 4 Cities: Comparison in Actor-Specific Ranking
Top 5 Cities Image
For more information about the Global Power City Index, please see the Summary or order the YEARBOOK. You can download the PDF version of the Summary below. The YEARBOOK provides specific details on the methods of research, definition of indicators, lists of data sources, and scores and ranking analysis of each city.