Global Power City Index
The first Japan-based comprehensive ranking
of the major world cities
Under severe global competition among cities, the Global Power City Index evaluates and ranks the "Comprehensive Power" of the major cities in the world with a very unique method developed by the Institute for Urban Strategies at The Mori Memorial Foundation. There is an assumption that the integration of variety of powers that attract creative people and companies from all over the world is the "Comprehensive Power of a city."
Global Power City Index is the first ranking survey for international cities undertaken in Japan. 40 major cities in the world are selected and evaluated based on 70 indicators of city function in six main functions representing city strength such as "Economy," "Research and Development," "Cultural Interaction," "Livability," "Environment," and "Accessibility." Furthermore, evaluation is carried out from the view points of four global actors who are leading the urban activities in their cities such as "Manager," "Researcher," "Artist," and "Visitor" and one local actor, "Resident." A matrix composing city actors and city function indicators is created and the evaluation is carried out in multiple methods. This research is very unique in the world that evaluates cities from both subjective and objective perspectives, based on city functions and city actors.
This research is carried out with the involvement of academics such as Sir Perter Hall, a global authority in city planning, as well as Dr. Richard Bender, Dr. Saskia Sassen, and other renowned international scholars. Peer review by third parties are carried out as well to maintain the fairness of the ranking.
GPCI-2013 Comprehensive Ranking Top 5
Function-specific Comprehensive Ranking
As with last year, London, New York, Paris and Tokyo are ranked as the top four cities respectively in the 2013 GPCI comprehensive rankings.
London’s Livability score has been lowered, but due to increased scores in Economy, Research and Development and Environment, the overall score difference between London and New York has widened. Paris and Tokyo have seen a significant decrease in their scores and the gap between them and 2nd place has grown larger, while the score difference between 4th placed Tokyo and 5th placed Singapore has shrunk. Looking only at the relationship between Tokyo and Paris, the difference in score has shrunk from last year and the possibility has emerged that Tokyo could move into 3rd place on the back of the announcement that the city will play host to the Olympic Games.
As for trends in comprehensive rankings for cities placed 5th and lower, 6th placed Seoul has largely closed the gap on Singapore at No. 5, while Frankfurt and Vienna have risen in the rankings. In particular, Frankfurt’s scores for Environment and Accessibility increased, which contributed to a move in comprehensive ranking from 12th to 10th.
Meanwhile, there has been marked growth in Economy for both of the Chinese cities. More specifically, in Economy, Beijing is still ranked No. 3 but its score has risen while scores for the cities ranked 1st and 2nd have seen a major decline. Despite trailing Beijing in Economy, Shanghai's scores for Cultural Interaction and Accessibility have risen significantly and the city has overtaken Beijing, in 14th place, to be now ranked 12th in the comprehensive rankings.
GPCI-2013 Comprehensive Ranking Top 5
Methodology - Function-specific Ranking
70 Indicators are referenced and customized from the statistical data issued from worldwide authorities, created based on the questionnaire survey conducted by The Mori Memorial Foundation, and produced by the own research by The Mori Memorial Foundation.
Sum of each score gained from each indicator are assembled in each function and finally become the total score of the city.
Methodology - Actor-specific Ranking
Flow of Creating the Actor-specific Ranking
- Expat of a global financial corporation
- Accompanying wife and two children
- Offered a position as a managing director in Asian brunches
- Candidate cities are Tokyo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Singapore
- Ph.D. candidate as a foreign student
- Married with a classmate in the same program last year
- Need to make a decision soon which organization in which country to do research after graduation
- Single, born in Germany, grew up in Tokyo
- Graduate student in modern art and decided to become a professional artist after graduation
- Considering which city is the best for pursuing creative activities
- Office employee for a Japanese company
- Income has raised as promoting her career
- Traveling abroad for several times every year
- Planning the next travel for the coming summer vacation
- Born and grew up in his home city
- Employed in a company based in his home city
- Married with a class mate from the same city and has a 2 year old son
- Pondering whether to move out when purchasing a home
- This offer must be an important turning point in his career. Which city should he chose under several choices?
- - To develop a successful career, the better would be the more business opportunity. The scale and growth of business should be taken into account.
- - Smooth transaction under reasonable restriction should be important for ease in business.
- - As a managing director, many local staffs should be hired. Availability of excellent human resources and business partners is important.
- - Accompanying family, living environment such as security, pollution, education, and community should be considered.
- He wishes to develop his career as a researcher. Where should he base to deepen his specialty under an ideal environment?
- - To dig his major deeper, it would be ideal to be in a prominent institution with famous professors and rich facility. Quality of institutions, researchers, and directors must be the most important.
- - Opportunity in obtaining information of other researches through symposiums or academic network would motivate his research.
- - Research grant and housing support would help him concentrate in his research. Alternatives in open careers is also important.
- - His wife also wishes to continue research so that academic and living environment are both need to be checked.
- What is needed for her to be acknowledged as an artist?
What kind of environment would be ideal for her to become professional?
- - First she need is a studio. It is important to rent certain space with reasonable price for her production.
- - Cultural stimulus from the environment and other artists is a critical factor in pursuing art.
- - Exhibition spaces such as galleries and museums have to be abundant for her exposure as an artist.
- - She has to sell her products to live as an artist. Mature market with collectors and curators would be critical. She could be supported by a patron if her work is highly evaluated.
- She is planning a long vacation so that she wishes to carefully select the most valuable place from many alternatives. Where should she travel?
- - She wants to forget her daily life being exposed in a environment with good ambience in a secure place.
- - Popular tourism destinations such as world heritages are critical factors.
- - Choice of accommodation in variety of ranks is also important.
- - Dining is also one of the pleasures of travel. Good. restaurants have to be listed.
- - Final item is shopping. Souvenirs those cannot get in Japan are precious.
- He has lived in his home city with no doubt however, started wondering if this should last forever. What is important for him and his family in their life?
- - Most important is the general prices and living environment.
- - Steady job or its opportunity with a reasonable income is necessary in living.
- - Education is also important thinking about the future of his son.
- - Enjoying holidays with family under variety of leisure activities should enrich their life.
- - Daily life in a safe and easing society with low rate of crime and high level of welfare would be ideal
Profiles of each Actor are assumed and agendas in evaluating cities
from the standing point of those Actors are considered.
- Accumulation of enterprises & business deals at or above a given level
- Potential of business growth
- Ease of business (incl. regulations and taxes)
- Business surroundings
- Availability of human resources
- Accumulation of business support industry
- Favorable environment for business and for employee’s families
- Politics, Economy, Disaster risk
- Quality of research institutions, researchers and directors
- Accumulation of research institutes & researchers
- Existence of opportunities and venues that stimulate research activity
- Readiness to accept researchers (research funding, support with living expenses, etc.)
- Potential after graduation (job, etc.)
- Living environment
- Cultural stimulus
- Concentration of artists
- Art markets
- Environment (studio space, etc.) for Creative Activities
- Living environment (ease of living)
- Cultural appeal and opportunities for interaction
- Public safety
- Tourist Destinations
- Accommodations at or exceeding a certain level
- Dining options, cost, etc.
- Shopping environment, cost, appeal, etc.
- Mobility (time to destination, fares, etc.)
- Economic environment (prices, ease of purchasing etc.)
- Living environment (dwelling environment etc.)
- Work environment (income, job opportunities)
- Educational environment
- Leisure activities
- Safety and security
- Healthcare standard
Factor Demanded by Each Actor are extracted from the agendas and listed below.
Specific indicators to evaluate each Actor’ s score are selected from
the 70 Indicators in the matrix with 33 Factor Demanded by Each Actor and summed up as Actor-based score.
Institute for Urban Strategies
The Mori Memorial Foundation
Chiharu Hirota, Yasuyuki Miwa
Link to the GPCI previous reports