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Global Power City Index 2016

The Global Power City Index (GPCI) evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their “magnetism,” i.e. their comprehensive power which allows them to attract creative individuals and business enterprises from every continent and to mobilize their assets in securing economic, social, and environmental development.GPCI evaluates the comprehensive power of forty of the world’s leading cities according to six main functions (Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Livability, Environment and Accessibility) representing city strength.


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Including detailed graphs and tables, this GPCI 2016 summary provides an overview of the rankings of each city in terms of their attractiveness based on six main criteria: the Economy, Research & Development, Cultural Interaction, Livability, the Environment, and Accessibility. The rankings also reflect the evaluations of each city by five different categories of respondents: Managers, Researchers, Artists, Visitors, and Residents.

1. Key Findings of the GPCI-2016
2. GPCI-2016 Methodology
3. Function-Specific Ranking
4. Actor-Specific Ranking
Special Feature: City Perception Survey

More detailed results of research conducted for this ranking are scheduled to be published in January 2017 in the Global Power City Index YEARBOOK 2016.



  • Sadiq Khan

    This research shows that despite the recent vote to leave the EU, London is the best place in the world to do business. From start-ups to global enterprises across all industries and sectors, the capital offers the ideal environment for businesses to thrive. I am working with London’s business community to ensure their needs are met as we leave the EU and that our great city maintains its global position.

    Sadiq Khan

    Mayor of London

  • Yuriko Koike

    I am delighted that Tokyo is again recognized as one of the world’s leading cities in terms of overall strength. This reflects Tokyo’s many favorable attributes, including advanced technology, huge knowledge base, clean urban air and water, and world-famous safety. Going forward, I strongly believe Tokyo has the potential to enhance its overall strength even further by addressing key challenges, such as the declining birthrate and aging population, natural disaster preparation and global warming.
    As the new governor, I am determined to lead Tokyo toward becoming a “safe city” where people feel confident and secure; a “diverse city” where every citizen can succeed regardless of gender, age, ethnicity or disability; and a “smart city” that is open to the world and a leader in environmental and financial technologies.
    As we turn toward the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games and beyond, we look forward to demonstrating to the world that Tokyo is indeed the best city to live and work in, as well as to visit.

    Yuriko Koike

    Governor of Tokyo

  • Park Won-Soon

    Seoul is a uniquely diverse, charming and dynamic city for which you cannot find replacement anywhere in the world. It is also a city where history dating back 2,000 years is squarely balanced with the modernity of the contemporary world. Its highly-qualified human resources and cutting-edge technology are second to none. Over the past five years, I have been dedicated to promoting the merits and beauty of Seoul to the rest of the world while striving to make it a more livable city. The fact that Seoul has maintained 6th place in the Comprehensive Ranking of the GPCI, a highly-regarded global urban index, is a testament to the tremendous efforts I have put in. I believe when Seoulites find their city livable, Seoul can successfully attract visitors from around the world. Seoul’s significant improvement in terms of Livability in 2016 powerfully illustrates the positive effects of the city’s labor, housing and safety policies where people are placed at the center. Seoul will never cease to innovate and transform itself. In its journey for betterment, the GPCI findings will serve as a guiding star and valuable reference for our city’s policy-making.

    Park Won-Soon

    Mayor of Seoul

  • Eberhard van der Laan

    Amsterdam is more and more becoming the global business hub that fits its characteristics. With over 180 nationalities living in the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area, it is no wonder that Amsterdammers are known for their tolerance and their ability to speak multiple languages.
    We know what it takes to keep the city workable, livable and lovable: a high quality educational system, efficient infrastructure, a reliable cooperative government and a strong focus on innovation. And over 100 kilometers of canal with 1500 bridges, 100 museums and 30 parks certainly help to keep the city an attractive place to live, work and play. These are all reasons why the number of international companies and startups grows year on year.
    Amsterdam is working hard on the development of houses and international schools to host the steady growth of (international) inhabitants. The biggest challenge now for Amsterdam is to keep its unique balance between being one of the most attractive cities to live in, to work in and to visit.
    We highly appreciate that the Institute for Urban Strategies is taking the lead in researching worldwide city development and using their knowledge to help cities with their urban challenges.

    Eberhard van der Laan

    Mayor of Amsterdam

  • Masao Torii

    I have visited dozens of wonderful cities around the world both on business and in private, and Tokyo strikes me as one of the greatest—a jewel in Japan’s crown. It encapsulates the best of Japan’s many tangible and intangible qualities, in everything from safety and cleanliness to hospitality and educational standards.
    But Tokyo is not without its flaws. The reality is that the city’s presence and promotion on the global stage is weaker than one would expect, and it has only a limited pool of people capable of contributing at the highest level in the international arena.
    I believe that for Tokyo to become a stronger force as a metropolis it needs to become more open and increase its engagement with the world. By actively welcoming different cultures and stimulating innovation, Tokyo can promote an even greater appeal to audiences worldwide.
    Rather than waiting for external pressure to bring about change, we need to transform our thinking and act on our own initiative. This, surely, is the key to unlocking the potential of Tokyo.

    Masao Torii

    President and Representative Director Novartis Holding Japan K.K.

  • Glenn D. Lowry

    New York City's consistently strong ranking in the GPCI is a result of several factors. The City's vibrant cultural life, robust economic sector, commitment to research and development, especially in the technology sector, relative security from terrorism, and livability all place it at the forefront of major cities around the world. The recent opening of the new Whitney, the expansion of The Museum of Modern Art, and the ongoing investments in the City's other major museums will ensure that New York remains one of the major artistic centers in the world. Extensive new residential projects around the City, often designed by internationally renowned architects, and the development of Hudson Yards on Manhattan's far west side mean that there will be a substantial increase in housing stock over the coming years that will only add to the City's quality of life.

    Glenn D. Lowry

    Director, The Museum of Modern Art


Global Power City Index 2016 Press Release

  • Ranking of the 42 Cities

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  • Top 10 Cities by Function

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  • Result of Comprehensive Ranking

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  • Fluctuation in Comprehensive Ranking

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  • Function-Specific Ranking

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  • Actor-Specific Ranking

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  • Top 5 Cities Image

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For more information about the Global Power City Index, please see the Summary or order the YEARBOOK. You can download the PDF version of the Summary below. The YEARBOOK provides specific details on the methods of research, definition of indicators, lists of data sources, and scores and ranking analysis of each city.


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